Participation of Association experts in COP27
1) Waste of war: challenges for Ukraine, impact on environment and climate.
Since February 24, as a result of regular air and missile bombings the hundreds of Ukrainian cities have suffered destruction of such a scale that it is impossible to estimate. How to proceed? What to do with those types of waste that affect people's health, the environment, and the climate? How to organize the sorting and reuse of those types of waste in the reconstruction of buildings and structures, roads and bridges, etc.? These are the most important points during the presentation.
2) Green and Resilient Recovery for Further Development.
The experts from different countries discussed what burdens there are on the way to rebuild Ukraine in the post-war period on a sustainable basis — to become more ecological and sustainable, and what are the chances:
- how the Ukraine’s National Recovery Plan could mainstream social and environmental resilience issues into the restoration efforts;
- how the EU member states, and other countries could support the post-war recovery on one hand and at the same time create the opportunities for a greener and sustainable future;
- how recovery (and other funding) programs need to be set up to be resilient and sustainable.
3) Postwar sustainable reconstruction of cities in Ukraine.
Alina Sokolenko presented a jointly developed circular economy approach to the reconstruction of destroyed cities — Resilience Building and Recovery (RBR) for Ukraine — which is based on the approach of maximum preservation and reuse of available natural resources. The program is based on the generally accepted principles of the circular economy, according to which it is important to reuse the maximum amount of available materials after destruction, and to recycle the part that is not subject to this.
4) Strengthening of energy security using solutions based on local renewable energy.
“The war showed the limits of the centralized energy system of Ukraine, because of this, most regions of Ukraine are experiencing a number of blackouts and power cuts. It is critical in the future to put policies in place to help scale up hybrid renewable solutions in communities to enable them to reap social, economic and climate benefits.”, - noted Maksym Babaev.
During the panel discussion, Anna Zhovtenko referred to the comprehensive approach that it takes in the assessment of damages caused by the war, as well as cooperation with the Ministry for Communities and Territories Development of Ukraine to enhance mapping of the quantity and severity of the damages to the buildings and development of a comprehensive GIS system that will enable government authorities monitor and update the damage assessment from local to central level. “
Also, transparency and accountability of the results of work on combating climate change became an important topic of discussion during COP27. Transparency fosters mutual trust and accountability and encourages countries to increase their climate ambitions over time and track global progress towards the Paris Agreement goals. Transparency and disclosure of environmental data is an important control mechanism not only for national governments, but also for the public.